The tenth Sikh Guru-Prophet, Guru Gobind Singh, called his followers to meet him in Anandpur Sahib. 

Communities worldwide gather each April to celebrate Vaisakhi. This festival has long marked the spring harvest. Punjabi farmers have traditionally observed Vaisakhi with community events and festivities. The celebration has been a significant part of their culture for many years.

Celebrations by Sikh community 

In 1699, Vaisakhi gained special importance for Sikhs. The tenth Sikh Guru-Prophet, Guru Gobind Singh, called his followers to meet him in Anandpur Sahib. At this gathering, he officially formed the Khalsa Panth, the community of devoted Sikhs. He also publicly gave this group leadership responsibilities. This event deeply shaped Sikh history and traditions.

Sikhs gather yearly on Vaisakhi to remember and think about this key historical moment. The community cherishes this occasion, but Sikhs do not view it as a "holiday" in the typical sense. Sikh beliefs do not consider any specific time or day uniquely "holy." Instead, Vaisakhi is a time to celebrate the community's growth and recall shared values and memories. In both its cultural and religious aspects, Vaisakhi focuses on community, progress, and celebration.

Origins of Sikh community 

Guru Nanak began forming the Sikh community in the late 15th century. This happened almost 200 years before Vaisakhi 1699. Guru Nanak gathered followers, set up community centers, and started shared traditions. The Sikh community grew a lot under later leaders. The community's duties also increased during this time.

On the Vaisakhi festival in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh created a dedicated community of Sikhs called the Khalsa Panth. In a symbolic gesture, he bowed before its representatives, signifying the transfer of his earthly leadership.Sikh theology advocates that people should improve themselves and help others. This combines spiritual and worldly matters.

The creation of the Khalsa Panth mixed spiritual and political ideas. The political part is easy to see. Fueled by ongoing political tensions with the Mughal Empire, Guru Gobind Singh entrusted the Sikh community's political leadership to the newly formed Khalsa Panth. He set up rules for behaviour, practices, and identity. These are still central to the Sikh community today.

While playing a role in demarcating a community and enhancing group cohesion, these shared practices also play a significant role in enriching one’s spiritual development. One way in which this occurs is through ethical cultivation—a constant practice of discipline facilitates the cultivation of moral faculties. Aristotle referred to this moral training as habitus, the formation of habits through regular practice that informs our decision-making in diverse situations. Engaging with these bodily and ritual practices serves to enrich the human spirit within.

Similarly, in Sikh belief, the importance of community extends beyond politics. Sikh teachings highlight how communities influence our spiritual paths and encourage finding groups that share similar ethical and spiritual beliefs.

In Sikh tradition, Vaisakhi signifies the union of spiritual and worldly aspects, offering ways to integrate these through shared values and customs. The spirit of togetherness, joyous festivities, and striving forward fills the air as Sikhs unite to mark this special day.


*Based on an article by  Dr Simran Jeet Singh on 15th April 2014


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