English Hukamnama Katha-Ang 662

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Dhhanaasaree mehalaa 1 ||
Sathiguru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj is blessing us with the hukamnama today. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj has talked to three people in this hukamnama, one is the Jogee, the ascetic who mastered many different postures and many different ways of breathing. The second is the Braahaman, the Hindu priest, and the third is the Qazi, or the Muslim judge. However, through each of these, Guru Jee is talking to us today as well. As Guru Granth Sahib Maharaj Jee tells us, parathhaae saakhee mehaa purakh boladhae saajhee sagal jehaanai,( Guru Amar Daas Ji Raag Sorath Ang 647-SGGS) that although our blessed Sathiguru s have spoken these shabads, these words at a certain time, or in a specific situation, the shabads resonate throughout time, they are timeless. Why? Because they come from the timeless Akaal, this is dhhur kee baanee, it comes from dhhur which is timeless, and therefore the bani itself is timeless. It can be applied throughout all of the ages. Guru Sahib Jee begins the shabad -

Kaaeiaa kaagadh man paravaanaa ||
Maharaj Sahib Jee says that this kaaeiaa, this body is as if it's made out of kaagadh, our of paper. Just like paper can be ripped easily, just like paper can mould away easily, so is this temporary body, perishable at any moment. Guru Sahib Jee says that the mind, man, has paravaanaa, has accepted this body. The mind has decided that the body is going to live forever. That is one interpretation of this line. That the kaaeiaa, the body is perishable, however, the mind has accepted it as being for real, has accepted it thinking that it will last forever. Guru Sahib Jee says that with this body that is like paper, the mind writes down things, and through the body, the mind carries out the actions which it wants to. The mind wants us to do something bad, we do something bad. The mind wants us to pick up a glass, we pick up a glass. Whatever the mind thinks, so we carry out, we fulfil out the inscriptions which that mind inscribes upon us. Do this, and the body does it. Guru Jee is reminding us that all these actions that we are carrying out now are being written down, everything is being recorded.

Sir kae laekh n parrai eiaanaa ||
The eiaanaa, the poor ignorant fool, does not parrai, does not read, does not understand, does not recognise sir kai laekh, the laekh, the accounts and the deeds which are written upon his head, all of those past lives, all of those fruits of the past lives which we are receiving now. Sometimes we say I've done this much good, why am I getting this badness? Guru Sahib Jee says you are so involved in the material world that you do not understand sir kae laekh, those past misdeeds that you've done in your past lives, which you are fulfilling out. Guru Granth Sahib Jee us dhadhai dhos n dhaeoo kisai dhos kara(n)maa aapaniaa,( Guru Nanak Dev Ji Raag Aasaa Ang 433-SGGS) do not blame anyone else, blame only your own actions. jo mai keeaa so mai paaeiaa, (Guru Nanak Dev Ji Raag Aasaa Ang 433-SGGS) That I have done, so have I received the fruit of it. Guru Sahib Jee is telling us that same philosophy now in this shabad. Another meaning of this line is that sir kae laekh n parrai eiaanaa, sir meaning siromani, siromani being the highest, the highest laekh, the highest writing being the Guru's bani. N parrai - means to not read, eiaanaa - means the foolish one. The foolish one does not read the highest of high writings, the bani of all banis, The Guru's Words, because the being is engrossed in the material world.

Dharageh gharreeahi theenae laekh ||
In the dharageh, in the court of The King, gharreeahi, three types of coin are gharreeahi, minted, theenae laekh. These three come into laekh, come into some sort of use, come into some sort of account. What are those three coins? Gold, silver and copper.

Khottaa kaam n aavai vaekh ||1||
Guru Sahib Jee says that khottaa, counterfeit coins kaam n aavai, do not come into any use, vaekh, look at this and understand.

Naanak jae vich rupaa hoe ||
Sathiguru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj tells us jae vich rupaa hoe, if the coin is true, if there is some silver to it,

Kharaa kharaa aakhai sabh koe ||1||
then all kharaa kharaa aakhai, proclaim it, that it's kharaa, that it's genuine, that's it's really true. What does this mean? Dharageh gharreeahi theenae laekh - in the court of The Lord, in the true dharageh, gharreeahi, what we have gharreeahi, what we have minted in our lives, theenae laekh, those three types of inscriptions can go with us. What are they? Uttam, madham, and kanisht.(8.50) Uttam means those actions which are spiritually high, which are good. Madham - those which are neither good, nor bad. Kanisht meaning those which are lowly, those actions which break us away from The Lord. These are the three types of actions which come into consideration. These are the laekh, the accounts which go with us. Another interpretation of this line is in the court of The Lord, the three types of actions the three types of actions which are carried out under the influence of sattogun meaning the humble quality, the meek quality, the lowly quality, the saintly quality, and then rajogun, meaning the princely quality, or the kingly and political quality, and tamogun, the dark quality, the quality of intertia. These three qualities persuade us to do actions, and those actions are recorded in the court of The Lord. Khottaa kaam n aavai vaekh. Vaekh, Guru Nanak Dev Jee is telling us to look, understand. Those lowly and bad actions which are khottaa, which are counterfeit , those actions which break us from The Lord are like counterfeit coins, kaam n aavai, and they will not help us in any way. Naanak jae vich rupaa hoe, Guru Nanak Maharaj Jee says jae, if through the Grace of God you have meditated upon The Lord, you have washed away the filth of counterfeit through the grace of God's name, and within you there is the silver of God's name, kharaa kharaa aakhai sabh koe, then in the court of The Lord, everyone will aakhai, call you as kharaa, as genuine. Gurbani proclaims those souls as genuine. Guramukh laahaa lai geae (Guru Arjan Dev Ji Siree Raag Ang 74-SGGS), guramukh janam savaar dharageh chaliaa(Bhai Gurdaas Ji Vaars Bhai Gurdaas 19), gurasikhaa saabaas janam savaariaa(Bhai Gurdaas Ji Vaars Bhai Gurdaas 22), the great gurasikhs who have found out the genuine meaning of life, meditated upon The Naam of The Lord, and gone with their mukh oujjalai, their faces shining radiantly into the court of The Lord.

rehaao ||
Rehaao - Guru Jee says pause and think about this today. Guru Jee now talks to those three people.

Kaadhee koorr bol mal khaae ||
Kaadhee - O judge you speak koorr - false, mal khaae - and through speaking false everything that you gain, all that money which you gain through bribery and through all your lies and deceit is mal, is like khaae - eating mal - filth. Guru Sahib Jee is saying to us today, that which we get through deceit is like filth for us, and we must stay away from it.

Braahaman naavai jeeaa ghaae ||
Braahaman - the Hindu priest the high caste priest carries out many rituals and naavai - takes many cleansing baths, but jeeaa ghaae - on the other hand ghaae means to kill, jeeaa means living beings. The priest kills, murders, and then takes ritual baths. In the same way Maharaj Sahib jee is saying that we commit those sins, and then externally we hide them. Maharaj sahib Jee is saying No, by externally hiding them, we will not get rid of the problem, it will only be covered up. We must accept them, put them in front of The Guru, and ask Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee Maharaj to help you through them.

Jogee jugath n jaanai a(n)dhh ||
The Jogee, the ascetics are in andhh, are in darkness, and they do not know the jugath, they do not know the method of meeting with The Lord. Guru Sahib Jee is telling those people who carry out maby different types of rituals and many different types of karam kaandhh, many different types of rites, but they do not know that The Naam, The Name of The Lord is the path. Guru Jee is saying that without the Name of The Lord, all is darkness. Kaadhee koorr bol mal khaae - the judge, at the time of Guru Nanak Dev Jee would take bribery, and Guru Sahib Jee denounced him, saying that if you are taking bribery, it's like eating filth. Braahaman naavai jeeaa ghaae - the high caste priest would jeeaa ghaae, would drain out all of the money out of people, and then take cleansing baths. There was even a saw in Kaansi (Kashi), in a place of pilgrimage for the Hindu religion where people would be encouraged to kill themselves and give all their money to the braahamans, the priests. Jogee jugath n jaanai a(n)dhh - the jogees, although they instruct people, they had run away to the mountains. Guru Nanak Dev Jee said to them as well, O jogees, you haven't understood the path to God. The path to God is not through running away, the path to God is through facing the battlefield of life. Thats's the same thing that Guru Gobind Singh Maharaj tells us, khalsa soee karae nith jang (Rehat Nama Amrit Keertan 1014) - that person is truly pure, who engages in the nith jang, the ongoing battle every day. Guru Gobind Singh Maharaj tells us in Krishna Avtaar that dhha(n)n jeeou thih ko jag mai mukh thae har chith mai judhh bichaarai(Guru Gobind Singh Amrit Keertan 299), great are those souls who with their mouths chant The Name of The Lord and in their minds, play out the battle everyday with the five thieves. Who are the five thieves? Ego, desire, greed, attachment, and hatred.

Theenae oujaarrae kaa ba(n)dhh ||2||
Theenae - all three of these, the kaadhee, the braahaman, and the jogee, they were meant to be the bandhh, they were meant to be the fence around this garden, but what have they become? Look at that line in a different way. They have become the bandhh, they have become the reason for oujaarraa, oujaaraa means destruction.

So jogee jo jugath pashhaanai ||
Guru Maharaj Jee says only that person is a jogee, jogee means who is united with The Lord, only that person is united with The Lord, who pashhaanai - who understands, and who recognises the jugath, the True Path to The Lord. What is that True Path?

Gur parasaadhee eaeko jaanai ||
Through The Guru's parasaadhee, through The Guru's Grace, that true jogee comes to jaanai, comes to realise That One Lord pervading through all.

Kaajee so jo oulattee karai ||
That person is truly a judge, is truly dealing in Truth, jo oulattee karai - who turns away from this world, who turns away from his mind, who becomes Guru-centred instead of mind-centred.

Gur parasaadhee jeevath marai ||
How can we tell? Because through The Guru's Grace, whilst being alive, he is dead. What does that mean? That he is dead to the five thieves. That he is alive through The Naam, The Name of The Lord.

So braahaman jo breham beechaarai ||
That one is truly of high class and high status, jo breham beechaarai - who beechaarai, who contemplates upon breham, upon That Creator Lord Waheguru.

Aap tharai sagalae kul thaarai ||3||
Such a high class person, Guru Jee is not talking about a person from a certain caste, Guru Jee is saying anyone, who mediates upon The Lord is high in my eyes. Aap tharai - that person liberates themselves, sagalae kul thaarai - and liberates all around them, all of their kul, all of their generations.

Dhaanasaba(n)dh soee dhil dhhovai ||
When someone asks Maharaj, what about dhaanasabandh, what about the wise people, Maharaj Jee says that person is the most wise soee dhil dhhovai, who dhhovai - washes out his dhil, his spiritual body, cleanses out his mind of bad thoughts.

Musalamaan soee mal khovai ||
Maharaj Jee says that that person is a true Muslim, who khovai, who removes from within himself mal, all of the impurities.

Parriaa boojhai so paravaan ||
Someone asks Maharaj what about an intellectual? Maharaj jee says that parriaa, that intellectual is paravaan, is accepted, is blessed who boojhai, through his study, through her study, comes to realise the true point of life which is to meditate upon The Lord, and to serve humanity.

Jis sir dharageh kaa neesaan ||4||5||7||
Who on the sir, on the head of their spiritual body, in their mind, and within their heart and soul, embed the neesaan, the insignia of God's Name, the sign of God's Name within them.

So, in this shabad today, Maharaj Sahib Jee, Sathiguru Nanak Dev Jee is telling us: O people of the world, O Sikhs of The Guru, Maharaj Jee is telling us, that this body will perish away one day, realise this, give up your paths of wandering, and follow the gaadhiraah, the 'highway' of guramat, of The Guru's Wisdom.

Parriaa boojhai so paravaan ||
Jis sir dharageh kaa neesaan ||4||5||7||

Waheguru Jee Ka Khalsa Waheguru Jee Ki Fateh.

 

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Other Recordings of this Shabad

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Manji Sahib Kathavachaks 8,288
Harmandir Sahib Hukamnama 10,447