Sikh Gurpurab Calendar

Editor's Note: In 2015, the Akal Takhat and the SGPC released a completely new calendar for Sikh celebrations. Please see the following news article for more information.

This calendar was not released in English - and so we understand that many Sikhs will be using the Nanakshahi calendar for their celebrations this year. To view the dates for the Nanakshahi calendar, please visit SikhiWiki or SGPC

However, the dates listed below are as per the SGPC calendar issued in March of 2015.

In 2013, Jathedar of Akal Takhat, Giani Gurbachan Singh ji, changed the calendar for the Sikh celebrations. In 2013,tThe following celebrations were observed according to the traditional (Bikrami) calendar: The birth and martyrdom day of Guru Gobind Singh, the death anniversary of Guru Arjan Dev ji, the coronation (Guru Gaddi Diwas) of Siri Guru Granth Sahib and sangrand, the beginning of every month.

Historical Information

Until the 13th of March, 1998, the Sikhs used a lunar calendar to determine their feast days. From 1998 until 2013, Sikhs have used their own Nanakshahi calendar which started on 14 March 1999 Gregorian (1 Chet, year 531 Nanakshahi ) and aligns with the Gregorian calendar as follows. The era (1 Chet 1 Nanakshahi) is the date of the birth of the 1st Guru, Nanak Dev, in the Punjab in 1469. Although there is an obvious relationship with the Hindu Solar Calendar, the Sikh Organisation states that these dates are fixed relative to the Gregorian Calendar. The calendar issue came back into question in 2013.

The Nanakshahi calendar is used for all the Gurupurabs (festivals marking events in the lives of the Gurus) except the birthday of Guru Nanak which continues to be celebrated according to the Hindu Lunar calendar on Katik Poornamashi. Events such as Maghi and Hola Mohalla continue to be celebrated according to the relevant calendars. Some Gurupurabs are considered more significant that others. These are the ones that commonly appear as holidays.

Gurpurabs mark the culmination of Prabhat Pheris, the early morning religious procession which goes around the localities singing shabads (hymns). These pheris generally start three weeks before the festival. Devotees offer sweets and tea when the procession passes their homes. The celebrations start with the three-day akhand path, in which the Guru Granth Sahib (the holy book of the Sikhs) is read continuously from beginning to end without a break. The conclusion of the reading coincides with the day of the festival. The Granth Sahib is also carried in procession on a float decorated with flowers throughout the village or city. Five armed guards, who represent the Panj Pyares, head the procession carrying Nishan Sahibs (the Sikh flag). Local bands play religious music and marching schoolchildren form a special part of the procession. Free sweets and langar (community lunches) are also offered to everyone irrespective of religious faith. Local volunteers serve it with a spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion). Sikhs visit gurdwaras (Sikh temples) where special programmes are arranged and kirtans (religious songs) sung. Houses and gurdwaras are lit up to add to the festivities.


Editor's Note: According to an edict issued by Akal Takhat Jathedar in 2013, the beginning of each month will be determined by the old Bikrami calendar. The dates listed below are according to the calendar issued by the SGPC.


Sikh Month Begins
Chet March 14
Vaisakh April 14
Jeth May 15
Harh June 15
Sawan July 15
Bhadon August 17
Asu September 17
Katik October 17
Maghar November 16
Poh December 16
Magh January 14
Phagan February 13

Sikh Events By Date

Chet 1 March 14 New Year Day

Chet 5

March 18

Accession of Guru Har Rai

Chet 8

March 21

Accession of Guru Amar Das

Chet 10

March 23

Guru Angad Dev left this world

Chet 11 March 24 Guru Hargobind left this world

Chet 20

April 2

Guru Harkrishan left this world

Accession of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Chet 27 April 9 Birth of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Chet 29

April 11 Birth of Guru Arjan Dev
Vaisakh 6 April 19 Birth of Guru Angad Dev
Vaisakh 20 May 3 Birth of Guru Amar Das
Vaisakh 28 May 12 Accession of Guru Hargobind
Jeth 8 May 22 Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev, burnt alive at the stake. Kachi lassi (sweetened milk) is offered to the thirsty passers-by to commemorate his exit from this world.
Jeth 20 June 3 Birth of Guru Hargobind
Sawan 24 August 24 Birth of Guru Harkrishan
Bhadon 19 September 14 Installation of the Guru Granth Sahib (holy book of the Sikhs) in the Golden Temple by Guru Arjan Dev

Bhadon 30

September 15

Accession of Guru Arjan Dev

Bhadon 31

September 16

Guru Ram Das left this world

Asu 10 September 26 Accession of Guru Ram Das

Asu 12

September 28 Guru Amar Das left this world
Asu 16 October 2 Accession of Guru Angad Dev

Asu 21 October 7 Guru Nanak Dev left this world
Katik 13 October 29 Birth of Guru Ram Das
Katik 19 November 4 Guru Har Rai left this world
Accession of Guru Harkrishan

Katik 28

November 13

Installation of the Guru Granth Sahib as eternal Guru.

Maghar 1 November 16 Martyrdom of Guru Gobind Singh at Nanded.

Maghar 10

November 25 

Birth of Guru Nanak Dev ji

Maghar 29 December 14 Accession of Guru Gobind Singh
Poh 1 December 16 Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur, beheaded in Delhi by the Moghul emperor.

Magh 3 January 16 Birth of Guru Gobind Singh in Patna. He created the Khalsa (Sikh Brotherhood) and made it mandatory for them to have the five Ks - Kesh (hair), Kripan (dagger), Kada (bracelet), Kangha (comb) and Kachcha (underwear). During his time the warrior/yogi Maadhav Das, later known as Banda Bairagi successfully fought the Moghuls and finally died a martyr. Gobind Singh was a poet and archer and knew Persian, Arabic and Punjabi as well as Samskrit and Hindi,
Magh 19 February 1 Birth of Guru Har Rai
Other Observances
Vaisakh 1 April 14 The Creation of the Khalsa (Sikh brotherhood, "the pure")
Poh 8 December 23 Martyrdom of Guru Gobind Singh's Elder Sons, Ajit and Jujhar
Poh 13 December 28 Martyrdom of Guru Gobind Singh's Younger Sons

Sikh Events By Guru
Guru Parkash
Gur Ghaddhi
Jyoti Jot
left this world)
1st Guru Nanak Dev Maghar 10
November 25
from Parkash Asu 21
October 7
2nd Guru Angad Dev Vaisakh 6
April 19
Asu 16
October 2
Chet 10
March 23
3rd Guru Amar Das Vaisakh 20
May 3
Chet 8
March 21
Asu 12
September 28
4th Guru Ram Das Katik 13
October 29
Asu 10
September 26
Bhadon 31
September 16
5th Guru Arjan Dev Chet 29
April 11
Bhadon 30
September 15
Jeth 8
May 22
6th Guru Hargobind Jeth 20
June 3
Vaisakhi 28
May 12
Chet 11
March 24
7th Guru Har Rai Magh 19
February 1
Chet 5
March 18
Katik 19
November 4
8th Guru Harkrishan Sawan 24
August 24
Katik 19
November 4
Chet 20
April 2
9th Guru Tegh Bahadur Chet 27
April 9
Chet 20
April 2
Poh 1
December 16
10th Guru Gobind Singh Magh 3
January 16
Maghar 29
December 14
Maghar 1
November 16
Installation of the Guru Granth Sahib in the Golden Temple by Guru Arjan Dev Bhadon 19
September 14
Katik 6
October 20

Installation of the Guru Granth Sahib as the Eternal Guru


Katik 28

November 13



Movable Dates (Change Every Year)

Hola Mohalla Bandi Chhor Divas Parkash Guru Nanak Sahib
2003 19 Mar 25 Oct 8 Nov
2004 7 Mar 12 Nov 26 Nov
2005 26 Mar 1 Nov 15 Nov
2006 15 Mar 21 Oct 5 Nov
2007 4 Mar 9 Nov 24 Nov
2008 22 Mar 28 Oct 13 Nov
2009 11 Mar 17 Oct 2 Nov
2010 1 Mar 5 Nov 21 Nov
2011 20 Mar 26 Oct 10 Nov
2012 9 Mar 13 Nov 28 Nov
2013 28 Mar 3 Nov 17 Nov
2014 17 Mar 23 Oct 6 Nov
2015 6 Mar 11 Nov 25 Nov
2016 24 Mar 30 Oct 14 Nov
2017 13 Mar 19 Oct 4 Nov
2018 2 Mar 7 Nov 23 Nov
2019 21 Mar 27 Oct 12 Nov
2020 10 Mar 14 Nov 30 Nov
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